In filmmaking, the sound is an essential feature. The correct sounds need to be used in the right places and the pieces of music that you don’t wish to include the need to be cut out. The best way to ensure that you can manipulate sounds is to use two microphones when recording. Another important tip is never to use the receiver that is inbuilt in the camera. Camera microphones are suitable for amateur video clips but will not work in a professional film set.
The Types of Microphones to Choose
Lavalier microphones are the ones that you can wear on your clothes. They are useful for recording voices of people. You can choose a Lavalier microphone that has a wire or a wireless one, depending on your budget and requirement. Directional microphones do precisely what the name suggests; pick up sound from only one direction. They can be connected using a boom and are often the ones used in interviews when you need to get the sound of the speaker amongst a multitude of people speaking at the same time.
For those using their iPhone and Android to make films, there are several apps and microphones that they can carry everywhere in their pocket. These microphones can be synced to the apps available on their phone specifically for sound recording. Wireless microphones can also be attached to the sound port in the phone. Other types of wireless microphones to choose are radio microphones that use radio frequencies to record sound. They are also affordable. However, the transmitter is bulky. This type of amplifier is used in television studios.
Using Recorded Sounds in Film
Two types of main sounds are used in filmmaking. They are real sounds and artificial ones. When you talk about real music, you would necessarily refer to the sounds that were recorded during the shoot, like the sounds of nature or the sounds of crowds around. Artificial sounds are the ones that are added during post-production like music. While real sounds don’t have to recorded live, they can also be added later during post-production. However, they comprise of ‘real’ elements like waves, speech, birds, etc.
Artificial sounds are sounds that are generated by using other sounds to make it sound similar to something else. For example, in fight sequences, in movies, the sound artist uses a bat and slaps it against meat to produce the sound of fists. The production of artificial sounds is exciting in itself. Synthetic sounds also come in the form of music that can create the ‘feeling’ that the video is trying to showcase. For example, a horror sequence in a movie would be synced with ‘eerie’ music to give the audience the impression about the worst part.
When using sounds for television series, you might want to use a specific type of song or music when a particular character appears on the screen. This type of sound is called a Leitmotif. Silence is a significant part of recording sound. The sounds of silence can add a dramatic effect to the film itself but have to be used at the right spots to get the desired effect. Another very cute sound recording jargon you should consider being familiar with is called ‘Hits.’ ‘Hits’ are when a character in the film is accompanied by a piece of music in bursts, to make it almost comical. It is otherwise called ‘Mickey-mousing’ because of the pattern used in the Disney cartoons.